1. Preparation stage

The first thing we do is to familiarize ourselves with the area where the work will be carried out.

  • Is the soil designed to bear the load?
  • What kind of subsidence?
  • Is the transport interchange of the site satisfactory?
  • Is the utility infrastructure adequate? Etc.
The higher the foundation, the better and more expensive the building will look.

2. Laying the foundation

The first rule of good foundation laying is that it should rise to the ground by at least twenty-five centimeters. The higher, the better and more expensive the building will look.

The most important step when building a house. The durability of the building depends on the foundation, so it is better not to practice the factor of saving on quality. It is placed depending on the “whims” of the land. The most preferable option is sandy soil. It retains its shape and structure, regardless of weather conditions.

If the soil contains clay, you need to take into account that at humid temperatures it becomes fluid. And at sub-zero temperatures it freezes and swelling occurs.

An area containing peat is considered the worst option. Peat should be dug out before laying the foundation. Fill the pit and forget it.

Four types of foundations are often used for a private house: strip, using slabs, columnar, pile. Let’s look at the advantages of each of them.

  1. In the first case, the main advantage is mobility and strength. Such a foundation can be assembled and poured directly on the site. The shape is easy to change.
  2. The slab type is suitable for situations where the soil leaves much to be desired. Layers will help hide, insulate and insulate.
  3. Using pillars and lintels you can also install a foundation. A budget option with a hint of durability. This is especially true for small wooden houses and bathhouses.
  4. If you have an area with weak soil, and the construction plan includes a house with several floors, pile foundations are suitable.

Important! Don’t forget to leave room for pipes, etc.

3. Build walls/floors

It is on load-bearing partitions and walls that the entire load of the upper parts of the house, including the roof, is supported. Possible installation options (the most popular and optimal): bricks, cinder blocks, logs. When constructing, do not forget about places for windows, doors, communications and hoods.

The number of floors directly depends on the number of floors. If there are two planned, then there will also be two ceilings. Materials: reinforced concrete slabs, monolithic reinforced concrete, wood, etc.

4. Roof and roofing

The last (but not least important) stage is the roof. The most commonly used materials now are tiles, lining (made of plastic), and waterproofing film. To protect the house/roof from leakage, an element such as a roof is used.

Important! If you are in doubt whether to build an attic or not, we definitely recommend doing it. Will add additional space in the house. Which will be much cheaper than building a separate room.


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