At the moment, there are many rankings – both national and international – identifying the best educational institutions of secondary and higher education. However, they evaluate schools and universities separately, which does not give a complete picture of which countries in the world have the highest quality of education. An alternative assessment method was proposed by the American online magazine Ceoworld, which is aimed at a business audience and specializes in compiling ratings on quality of life, medical care and other key areas of life.
During the course of the study, which involved more than 195 thousand people from around the world, schoolchildren, students, teachers, scientists, as well as representatives of business circles were interviewed. The comparative analysis was carried out in two categories: the quality of education and the opportunities it provides. 16 parameters were taken into account, each of which received a score from 1 to 100 points.
Such parameters, among others, included government spending on education, the percentage of those who received a high school diploma and a diploma of higher education, the presence of educational institutions in prestigious international rankings, and the number of institutions engaged in research activities. Subsequently, the ratings were summed up, and the resulting average values acted as indicators on the basis of which the rating was built. As a result, the top ten countries in the world with the best quality of education took on the following form:
- Great Britain
The leadership of Great Britain and the USA is absolutely natural, because many foreigners seek to send their children to local schools and universities. It is no coincidence that most leading private schools in other countries offer their students the opportunity to obtain a second diploma of secondary education – according to the British or English model.
The main difference between secondary education in the UK and the US is the ratio of public and private schools. There are significantly fewer of the latter in the USA (no more than 10% of the total), they specialize in in-depth study of subjects in any one area (technical, natural sciences or humanities), and their tuition fees are higher (about 15-20 %). In British private schools you can often study under the International Baccalaureate program, which allows you to enter foreign universities.
The quality of higher education in the UK and the USA is evidenced by the fact that the names of many universities (Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Stanford) are on the lips of all future applicants, and together with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, they make up the top five of the prestigious QS World University rankings year after year Ranking. In addition, almost all of the most significant scientific research is carried out in British or American universities.
Education in Australian secondary schools is based on the basic principles of the UK educational system, of which 35% are private. Students planning to enter universities, after receiving a certificate of complete secondary education, study for another two years in an in-depth program, choosing one or another direction for themselves in advance. Traditionally strong areas in Australia are information technology, marine biology and medicine. The top three universities in the country are the Australian National University, the University of Melbourne and the University of Sydney.
In the EU countries and Switzerland, the most popular in secondary schools is the International Baccalaureate (IB) program, which provides the opportunity to enroll in any university in the world. At the same time, in each country there are private schools with training in foreign programs, where training is mostly or completely conducted in another language (mainly English, but also French, German, Spanish, Italian, etc.).
European universities have a fairly large share of foreign students from non-EU countries, which partly indicates a higher quality of education. An important circumstance is that in many state universities in a number of countries – in particular Germany and France – education is free of charge for everyone, including foreigners. Among the universities in Switzerland and the EU, the leading ones according to the QS World University Ranking are the Federal Polytechnical School of Lausanne, the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, the Paris University of Sciences and Letters, the Technical University of Munich and the École Polytechnique of Paris.