Emigration from Russia did not take on the character of a mass “brain flight” or simply an exodus, but more and more citizens of the country began to seriously think about where it would be better to move to live in Europe. By that time, leaving the Russian Federation was free for almost all categories of the population, so the number of people wishing to first obtain a temporary residence permit (residence permit) in one of the economically developed states of the European Union, and then permanent residence and citizenship, began to increase at an accelerated pace.
Where to move to live in Europe – main directions
However, the main directions of emigration to the EU remained practically the same. If we do not take into account the USA and Israel, where citizens of the USSR began actively moving to a new place of residence back in the mid-70s of the last century, then the problem of where to move to live in Europe was practically removed from the agenda.
If you try to compile a kind of rating of Russian emigration, then one of the determining factors will be the well-being of Russian citizens, which determines, based on a number of criteria, where it is better to move to Europe. Safety, social security, and ease of adaptation to the local mentality, traditions and lifestyle of a “second home” also play an important role.
Based on these indicators, people from Russia, which in 2019 ranked third in the world in terms of people leaving abroad out of the total population of the country, continue to give preference to the United States and Israel, to which Australia and Canada have been added. However, in these countries they are mainly looking for highly qualified specialists who can confirm the level of their training. Alternatives include South Korea, China or Thailand, but the vast majority of potential Russian emigrants are preparing to move to European countries such as:
Where is it better to move to live in Europe in 2019?
In 2019, for foreigners living within the EU, the problem of choosing to move to another EU country was practically non-existent. The so-called “Brexit” – the process of Great Britain leaving the European Union – has practically not begun, so its citizens continue to be leaders in the acquisition of foreign real estate. And, as before, when deciding where to move to live in Europe (from the island part to the continental part), they give preference to Spain and Portugal, where all the conditions have been created for them on the coast – from familiar products to golf courses.
The situation is similar in Portugal, where immigrants from the UK also rank first in numbers for several years in a row, ahead of the French, Germans and Scandinavians. Portugal has the advantage of lower prices for real estate, food and basic goods.
If we evaluate the ratio of immigrants to local citizens as of 2019 in EU countries, then most of them are in countries such as Liechtenstein (62%), Andorra (60%), Monaco (55%) and Luxembourg (44%). However, one should take into account the high standard of living in these “dwarf” states, where either a wealthy foreigner or a highly qualified and in-demand specialist can move to them. Numerous refugees from countries such as Syria, Sudan, Mauritania, Algeria, Libya, Bangladesh and others follow the usual migration routes (Germany, France, Spain), although they are becoming less and less accessible to them.
Where to move to live in Europe from Russia
In turn, the flow of emigration from Russia has had a clearly defined direction over the years. For example, the majority of Russian-speaking emigrants, when deciding where to move to live in Europe, still give preference to Germany – largely due to the developed system of social benefits and allowances, as well as the opportunity to quite easily open their own business.
In Spain, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus and Malta there are government investment programs called the Golden Visa. Perhaps over time, a similar program will appear in Italy, which does not yet provide a residence permit in exchange for the purchase of real estate or investment in the local economy.
You can learn more about government investment programs from our articles:
Recently, the number of Russian immigrants in the Czech Republic has increased, which is explained by the similarity of languages, easier adaptation, a growing standard of living and low prices for many goods. This cannot be said about real estate, which rises in price every year by about 3-5%, depending on the location of the property and many other factors.
You can find out how to obtain a residence permit in the Czech Republic here.
Many Russians have long decided where to move to live in Europe from Russia, choosing Montenegro. This Balkan country captivates with its environmentally friendly environment, caused by the absence of any hazardous industries, cheap housing, food and a slight language barrier.
You can learn about obtaining a residence permit and Montenegrin citizenship from our articles:
Accommodation in Bulgaria, which is often chosen as a destination for the summer holiday season, is even cheaper.
According to expert forecasts, in the near future, emigration from Russia will continue to grow, so it is possible that new, previously not very popular destinations for Russian citizens – such as Croatia, Slovenia or Slovakia – will appear.